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Bichon Frise Dog Breed

About the Bichon Frise

The Bichon Frise is a charming, affectionate, and cheerful breed, renowned for its distinctive fluffy coat and playful demeanor. These small dogs possess an air of elegance and confidence, which combined with their friendly nature, makes them a beloved companion in many households around the world. Their convenient size and adaptive qualities also render them well-suited for a variety of activities and dog sports.

AKC Group

AKC Group


Dog Breed Height


9.5 – 11.5 inches

Dog Breed Weight


12 – 18 pounds

Dog Breed Lifespan


14 – 15 years


Country of Origin Spain (Canary Islands)
Bred For Companionship
Known For Affection, Inquisitive Expression, Powder Puff Appearance
Popularity Moderate
Temperament Affectionate, Playful, Sensitive
Activities Walking, Playing, Conformation Shows, Dog Sports

History of the Bichon Frise

The Bichon Frise dog breed has a rich history that spans several centuries and continents. Originally developed in the Mediterranean region, these dogs are believed to have descended from water spaniels and were known by several names like the Barbichon, which was later shortened to Bichon. The breed was particularly favored by Italian nobility in the 1300s and was brought into France during the Renaissance under the patronage of King Francis I.

Their popularity soared in the French royal courts in the 16th century, especially under the reign of King Henry III, who was particularly fond of the breed. The Bichon Frise was not just a lapdog for the aristocracy; they also found a place among the common folk, performing as circus dogs due to their trainable nature and delightful antics.

However, by the late 19th century, the breed’s popularity waned, and they were seen more on the streets than in the palaces, often accompanying street musicians or performing in fairs. This period, although a decline in their royal status, showcased their adaptability and resilience.

The breed’s fortunes revived in the 20th century, especially post World War I, with efforts to define and preserve the breed standard. The official recognition of the Bichon Frise by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) occurred in the 1930s, with France being acknowledged as the breed’s country of patronage.

The Bichon Frise was introduced to the United States in the 1950s, and its endearing qualities quickly garnered a dedicated following. The American Kennel Club (AKC) granted recognition to the breed in 1972. Since then, the Bichon Frise has become a beloved pet in many American homes, known for its playful disposition and characteristic fluffy white coat. Their history, marked by rises and falls, reflects a breed adaptable to various roles, from royal companion to a beloved family pet.

General Appearance

Height & Weight

The adult Bichon Frise typically stands between 9.5 and 11.5 inches tall at the shoulder. In terms of weight, a Bichon Frise generally weighs between 12 and 18 pounds, embodying a sturdy build that belies its rather delicate appearance.

Proportion & Substance

The Bichon Frise is characterized by a compact, well-proportioned body that is slightly longer than it is tall. The length of the body from the forward-most point of the chest to the point of the rump extends one-quarter longer than the height at the withers, emphasizing its well-balanced structure.

The breed exhibits moderate bone, which provides a sturdy yet elegant foundation that is without exaggeration. The overall impression is one of balance and refinement, with a distinctive silhouette.

Coat Texture, Colors & Markings

Texture: The Bichon Frise boasts a unique coat that significantly contributes to its charming appearance. The outer coat is curly and springy, standing off the body and giving a puffy look. It’s paired with a soft, dense undercoat, which only adds to the plushness. This combination of textures is essential for the breed’s distinctive, powder-puff appearance.

Bichon Frise Colors

Standard Color
White ee
White & Apricot ee
White & Buff ee
White & Cream ee

A Note About Color: The Bichon Frise is essentially a white dog, but shadings of apricot, buff or cream may appear on the body and especially around the ears. An adult coat with more than 10 percent colored shading, however, is undesirable.


  • Skull: The Bichon Frise has a slightly rounded skull. The shape allows for the eyes to be placed in a forward-looking manner, thus contributing to the breed’s soft and inquisitive expression.
  • Expression: The expression is one of the breed’s most captivating traits. It is often described as soft, yet there’s an unmistakable sense of intelligence and alertness. This lively expression is a key element of the breed’s charm.
  • Eyes: The eyes are dark, round, and of medium size, set in the skull to look directly forward. The dark rims around the eyes enhance the soft expression and invite playful interaction.
  • Ears: The ears of the Bichon Frise are covered with long, flowing hair. They are set slightly above eye level and hang close to the head, framing the head in a most charming manner.
  • Muzzle: The muzzle of a Bichon Frise is not overly long. It is well-proportioned to the skull in the ratio of 3 to 5, with slight chiseling under the eyes and a strong lower jaw.
  • Nose: A hallmark of the breed is its black pigment, especially seen on a nose that stands out against the predominantly white coat. The nose is round, small, and distinctly pigmented.
  • Bite: A Bichon Frise typically has a scissors bite, where the upper incisors closely overlap the lower incisors. This functional bite is essential, and undershot or overshot bites, and any missing teeth, are unacceptable in the breed.

Close-up head photo of a Bichon Frise.


The natural tail of the Bichon Frise is a prominent feature that adds a flourish to the breed’s cheerful appearance. It is set on level with the topline and carried over the back, reaching midway to the withers. It is well plumbed with hair that rests casually on the back. A low tail set, drooping tail, or corkscrew tail is not acceptable in the breed. A correctly carried, plumed tail is unmistakable and is indicative of the breed’s lively, happy nature.

The Bichon Frise – What to Consider?

Owning a Bichon Frise can be a highly rewarding experience, characterized by the breed’s cheerful disposition and affectionate nature. These dogs are known for their playful personalities and strong bond with family members, making them excellent companions. However, potential Bichon Frise owners should be aware of the breed’s specific needs, including grooming requirements, exercise, and social interaction, to make sure that they provide a nurturing environment for their pet.

Home Life

Interaction With Family

The level of affection a breed typically shows towards family members and familiar individuals will vary. While some breeds may only show genuine warmth towards their owner, remaining standoffish with strangers, other breeds will treat everyone they meet as if they are their closest friend.
Independent Affectionate

Good With Other Dogs

The innate friendliness of a dog towards other dogs can depend on its breed. Although supervision is always recommended during introductions, certain breeds tend to be inherently more or less sociable with other dogs, whether in a home setting or in public spaces.
Not Recommended Reliable With Other Dogs

Good With Young Children

The degree to which a breed will typically be patient with young children, and its overall suitability as a family member, will vary. It is important to always supervise interactions between dogs and the kids in the house, as well as with children who are not accustomed to being around dogs.
Not Recommended Dependable With Children


Amount Of Shedding

The amount of hair that a dog sheds will typically depend on its breed. Heavy-shedding breeds require more frequent brushing, have a higher chance of activating specific allergies, and often necessitate more frequent use of the vacuum cleaner and lint rollers.
Low High

Frequency Of Grooming

The regularity with which a breed needs bathing, brushing, trimming, or other forms of coat care is an all-important consideration. When evaluating the grooming effort required, consider your available time, patience, and budget. It is important to note that all breeds need routine ear, teeth, and nail care.
Monthly Daily

Amount Of Drooling

The tendency of a breed to drool significantly varies from breed to breed. For those who prefer cleanliness or are particular about keeping things tidy, breeds that are likely to leave trails of drool on your arm or large slobbery marks on your clothing and furniture might not be the best fit.
Low High

Coat Type


Coat Length




Trainability Level

The ease with which a dog can be trained and its eagerness to learn new skills can depend on the breed. Some breeds are naturally inclined to please their owners and will readily accept training, while others tend to follow their own desires, often showing independence in how, when, and where they choose to do things.
Stubborn Eager

Barking Level

The frequency of vocalization, including barking and howling, will vary from breed to breed. Some may bark at each person who passes by and every bird in the sky, while others will typically bark only for a good reason. Additionally, a few breeds that do not typically bark will still be vocal, using different sounds to communicate.
Quiet Vocal

Energy Level

The level of physical exercise and mental engagement required will depend on the breed. High-energy breeds are always on the go. They are enthusiastic about their next activity and tend to be busy most of the time, running, jumping, and playing throughout the day. In contrast, low-energy breeds are akin to couch potatoes, content to just lounge around and take naps throughout the day.
Couch Potato Busybody

Need For Mental Stimulation

The extent of mental stimulation needed to keep a dog content and healthy will vary by breed. Dogs bred for specific purposes may need tasks involving decision-making, problem-solving, and concentration. Without sufficient mental exercise, these dogs can resort to creating their own activities to engage their minds, resulting in unwanted behaviors like chewing, digging, and escaping.
Minimal Engagement Intensive Interaction

Bichon Frise Health

Bichon Frises are generally healthy dogs, but they do have certain breed-specific health concerns that owners should be mindful of. Their fluffy coats require regular grooming to prevent matting and skin issues. Also, due to their small size, they may be prone to dental problems and should have regular dental check-ups.

The average lifespan of a Bichon Frise is about 14 to 15 years. They tend to live a relatively long and healthy life when they receive proper care and attention. Preventive healthcare, including regular veterinary visits, vaccinations, and maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine, is crucial for their long-term well-being.

Potential Health Risks

The Bichon Frise, like any breed, has specific health concerns. Prospective and current owners should be aware of these, especially in relation to the recommended health evaluations for the breed:

  • Patella Luxation: This condition involves the dislocation of the kneecap (patella). It’s common in small breeds and can vary in severity. Regular patella evaluations are advised to detect any issues early.
  • Hip Dysplasia: While more common in larger breeds, Bichon Frises can also suffer from hip dysplasia. This genetic condition involves an improperly formed hip joint, which can lead to arthritis and mobility issues. Hip evaluations help in identifying this condition early.
  • Eye Problems: Bichon Frises may experience various eye problems, such as cataracts, tear staining, or other issues affecting their vision and eye health. Regular ophthalmologist evaluations are essential to monitor and treat any emerging eye conditions.
  • Allergies: Bichon Frises are prone to various types of allergies, ranging from food allergies to environmental allergies like pollen or dust. Symptoms may include itchy skin, ear infections, and sneezing. Managing their environment and diet can help alleviate these issues.
  • Dental Issues: Due to their small mouths, Bichon Frises are at a higher risk of dental problems like periodontal disease. Regular dental care, including brushing and professional cleanings, is crucial.
  • Skin Problems: Bichons often have sensitive skin, which can lead to various dermatological issues. Skin irritations, hot spots, and sebaceous adenitis (a condition affecting the sebaceous glands) can occur.

Awareness and proactive care for these potential health issues can help them to live a long, healthy life. Regular check-ups and adherence to health evaluation recommendations play a crucial role in early detection and management of these conditions.

Bichon Frise Personality

Understanding the personality of the Bichon Frise is crucial for anyone considering this breed. These dogs are typically known for their affectionate, cheerful disposition, making them excellent companions. Bichon Frise’s gentle and amiable nature often makes them a good fit for novice dog handlers. However, their sensitivity means they can react to their environment and the moods of their human companions, requiring a positive, nurturing household.

They generally cope well with being left alone for short periods, but like all dogs, they thrive on companionship and may become anxious if left alone for too long. Their friendly demeanor extends not only to their family but also to other dogs and strangers, often greeting people with enthusiastic affection.

Their interaction with young children is usually positive, making them a suitable choice for families. However, as with any breed, interactions with young children should be supervised to guarantee the safety and comfort of both the dog and the child. Despite their small size, Bichons are generally alert and may occasionally bark to alert their family to visitors or unusual noises, though they are not known as excessive barkers.

Their overall sociable and gentle temperament makes the Bichon Frise an enjoyable and loving addition to many households, bringing joy and liveliness to their human companions

Bichon Frise Feeding & Nutrition

Feeding a Bichon Frise requires careful consideration to make sure that they receive a balanced diet that supports their health and energy levels. Puppies of this breed, with their rapid growth and high energy, often need nutrient-rich food that’s formulated specifically for small-breed puppies. This provides them with the correct balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals essential for their development.

Transitioning to adult food typically occurs around the age of one year. The amount of food a Bichon Frise requires can vary based on age, activity level, and metabolism. An average adult Bichon Frise may need between 1/2 to 1 1/4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. However, this can differ from dog to dog, and it’s always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the optimal feeding schedule and amount.

It’s important to monitor their weight, as they can be prone to obesity if overfed. Treats should be given in moderation, and fresh water should always be available. Additionally, Bichon Frises, like many small breeds, can be picky eaters, so finding a nutritious and appealing diet may require some experimentation. Regularly scheduled meals, rather than free feeding, can help maintain their weight and health over time.

Bichon Frise Training

Training a Bichon Frise can be a delightful experience due to their intelligent and eager-to-please nature. These dogs respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, such as praise, play, and treats. Starting training early is key, as it helps in shaping a well-behaved and sociable dog. Bichon Frises are known for their quick learning ability, but consistency is crucial to reinforce good behaviors and discourage undesirable ones.

While they are smart, Bichon Frises can sometimes be stubborn, so patience and persistence are important. They excel in obedience training and can be taught a variety of commands and tricks. This breed also enjoys interactive play, which can be a fun and effective part of the training process.

Socialization is another critical aspect of training for a Bichon Frise. Exposing them to different people, environments, sounds, and experiences at a young age helps in developing a well-rounded and confident adult dog. Given their friendly disposition, they usually adapt well to new situations and people, making them ideal for families and active individuals. Regular training sessions not only stimulate their mind but also strengthen the bond between the dog and their human companion.

Bichon Frise Exercise

The exercise needs of the Bichon Frise are moderate, making them well-suited for a variety of living situations, including apartments. Regular exercise is vital to keep them healthy, both physically and mentally. Daily walks, play sessions, and interactive games are excellent ways to meet their activity requirements. Despite their small size, Bichon Frises possess a playful and lively nature, enjoying activities that engage them both mentally and physically.

Exercise Expectations

Energy Level Moderate to High
Exercise Requirements 30 Minutes/Day (Minimum), Daily Walks, Vigorous Running, Regular Exercise, Playing with Another Dog, Mental Stimulation

Their energy level is moderately high, but they are usually not overly intense. This makes them adaptable to the lifestyles of their human companions, whether it involves relaxed indoor activities or more energetic outdoor adventures. Playfulness is a significant trait of the Bichon Frise, and they often maintain a puppy-like demeanor well into their adult years.

Incorporating exercise into their daily routine not only keeps them fit but also helps in preventing boredom and related behavioral issues. A Bichon Frise left without adequate physical and mental stimulation can develop destructive behaviors as an outlet for their energy. However, their exercise needs can be easily met with a balance of indoor play and outdoor activities, ensuring they lead a happy and healthy life.

Bichon Frise Grooming

Grooming a Bichon Frise is an important aspect of their care, due to their distinctive, curly coat. Regular grooming is essential to keep their fur in good condition and to prevent mats and tangles. Their coat requires frequent brushing, ideally several times a week, to maintain its fluffy appearance and to ensure their comfort and health.

Grooming Expectations

Coat Type Double, Curly, Coarse, Long
Grooming Requirements Weekly Brushing, Monthly Trimming, Occasional Bathing, Routine Ear Cleaning, Periodic Nail Trimming, Regular Tooth Brushing

While Bichons are known for being a low-shedding breed, their curly hair can trap loose fur, necessitating regular grooming to remove it. This characteristic makes them a popular choice for individuals with allergies, as they tend to release less hair and dander into the environment compared to many other breeds. However, it’s important to note that no breed is completely hypoallergenic.

Professional grooming every 4 to 6 weeks is often recommended to keep their coat trimmed and neat. This regular maintenance not only keeps the Bichon looking their best but also helps in preventing skin issues that can arise from an unkempt coat.

Ear cleaning, nail trimming, and dental care are also important parts of the grooming routine for a Bichon Frise, contributing to their overall health and well-being.

Living with a Bichon Frise

Living with a Bichon Frise can be a delightful experience, adaptable to various lifestyles and environments. These dogs are known for their adaptable nature, making them suitable for both apartment living and homes with larger spaces. However, their energy levels and need for regular interaction should not be underestimated, regardless of the living space size.

In terms of climate adaptability, Bichon Frises generally do well in most climates. Their dense coat provides them with a fair amount of protection against colder temperatures. Nonetheless, they are primarily indoor dogs and should not be left outside for extended periods in extreme weather conditions. During hot weather, it’s important to make sure that they stay cool and hydrated, as their thick coat can make them prone to overheating.

Their small size and generally quiet nature make them a good fit for apartment living. They are less likely to be disruptive to neighbors, given their moderate barking tendency. However, their social nature means they thrive on human interaction and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for prolonged periods.

In a family setting, Bichons are a joyous addition. Their playful and affectionate demeanor makes them excellent companions for children, though interactions should always be supervised, especially with younger children. They typically get along well with other pets in the household, including cats, if properly introduced and socialized from a young age.

Overall, Bichon Frises are flexible and charming companions, fitting into various lifestyles with ease. Their primary requirements are regular grooming, sufficient daily exercise, and, most importantly, ample love and attention from their human families. Whether in a bustling city apartment or a spacious suburban home, a Bichon Frise can bring joy and liveliness to its environment.

Bichon Frise Puppies

Raising a Bichon Frise puppy offers a blend of joy and responsibility. These puppies, with their fluffy coats and endearing personalities, quickly become beloved members of their families. It’s important for future handlers to understand the unique needs of Bichon Frise puppies as they grow and develop. Their early months are critical for setting the foundation for a healthy, happy adult dog.

Caring for a Bichon Frise Puppy

Caring for a Bichon Frise puppy involves several important aspects. Initially, providing a safe and nurturing environment is crucial for their physical and emotional development. Puppies of this breed are energetic and curious, necessitating close supervision and a safe play area. When it comes to nutrition, a diet specifically formulated for small-breed puppies will provide the necessary nutrients for growth.

Early socialization and training are paramount. Exposing Bichon Frise puppies to a variety of people, sounds, and experiences helps in developing a well-rounded temperament. Positive reinforcement training methods work best, focusing on consistency and patience. Regular veterinary check-ups are vital during this stage to monitor their health and administer necessary vaccinations.

Finally, as with any breed, Bichon Frise puppies require love, attention, and plenty of interactive playtime. Engaging with them through play and training not only strengthens the bond with their human companions but also aids in their overall development and well-being.

Bichon Frise Activities & Dog Sports

The Bichon Frise is not only a charming companion but also an enthusiastic participant in various dog sports and activities. Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them well-suited for these engaging pursuits:

  • Obedience: They respond well to training, making them strong contenders in Obedience competitions.
  • Agility: Their agility and speed allow them to navigate Agility courses with grace and efficiency.
  • Rally Obedience: This sport combines elements of Obedience and Agility, a field where the Bichon can truly shine due to their trainability and energy.
  • Trick Training: They enjoy learning and performing tricks, which can be a fun way to engage their minds and bond with their handlers.
  • Flyball and Dock Diving: While not as common, some Bichons might enjoy these sports, demonstrating their versatility and adaptability.
  • Conformation Shows: Bichons excel in the show ring, where their distinct appearance and lively demeanor are showcased.
  • Therapy Work: With their affectionate nature, Bichons make excellent therapy dogs, providing comfort and companionship in hospitals, nursing homes, and schools.

Participation in these activities fosters a deeper connection between the Bichon Frise and their handlers, while also providing valuable mental and physical stimulation for the dog.

Group Classification & Standards

The Bichon Frise is recognized by the world’s leading registries and kennel organizations, which categorize the breed into a specific Group based on its unique characteristics. This breed is recognized worldwide under the following Group designations:

International Organizations

Organization Group Designation
AKC (American Kennel Club) Non-Sporting
UKC (United Kennel Club) Companion
CKC (Canadian Kennel Club) Non-Sporting
ANKC (Australian National Kennel Council) Toys
RKC (The Royal Kennel Club) Toy
FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs; Section 1: Bichons and Related Breeds

The ideal Bichon Frise is described by a Breed Standard that is approved by each of the world’s leading registries and kennel organizations. The Breed Standards for this breed may be found in the following links:

Breed Standards

Organization Breed Standard
American Kennel Club AKC Bichon Frise Breed Standard
United Kennel Club UKC Bichon Frise Breed Standard
Canadian Kennel Club CKC Bichon Frise Breed Standard
Australian National Kennel Council ANKC Bichon Frise Breed Standard
The Royal Kennel Club RKC Bichon Frise Breed Standard
Fédération Cynologique Internationale FCI Bichon Frise Breed Standard

Bichon Frise Clubs

The Bichon Frise enjoys a strong and supportive community across various countries, with numerous clubs dedicated to the welfare and betterment of the breed. These clubs play a crucial role in preserving breed standards, promoting responsible breeding practices, and providing educational resources for both enthusiasts and prospective owners.

In the United States, the Bichon Frise Club of America, Inc., founded in 1964, stands as a testament to the breed’s enduring popularity and serves as a resource for breeders, handlers, and enthusiasts alike. It provides a platform for sharing information, organizing events, and fostering a community of Bichon Frise lovers.

Canada is home to the Bichon Frise Club of Canada, a national club that provides a platform for Canadian enthusiasts to share their passion for the breed. The club focuses on the health and well-being of Bichons in Canada, offering support and information to owners and breeders alike.

In the United Kingdom, the Bichon Frise Club of Great Britain, established in 1976, plays a similar role. It offers guidance and support to Bichon Frise owners and breeders in the UK and works to maintain the breed standards and health.

Bichon Frise Rescue Groups

Despite the best efforts of breeders and owners, there are instances where Bichon Frises may find themselves in need of assistance. Rescue groups are indispensable in such situations, providing crucial services in the rescue, rehabilitation, and rehoming of Bichon Frises who have faced abandonment, neglect, or require a new home due to unforeseen circumstances.

In the USA, notable organizations include the Bichon Frise Club of America Charitable Trust, which offers support and resources for the rescue and welfare of Bichon Frises nationwide. Regionally, the Bichon Rescue Brigade, based in Southern California, and the Bichon Frise Rescue of Northern New Jersey, provide rescue services, fostering, and adoption opportunities specific to those areas.

In the UK, Bichon Frise Rescue is a prominent organization dedicated to the breed. They work tirelessly to rescue, rehabilitate, and rehome Bichon Frises, ensuring that these dogs receive the care and love they need before finding their forever homes.

In addition to these dedicated Bichon Frise rescue groups, local shelters and general animal rescue organizations can sometimes have Bichon Frises and mixed breeds available for adoption. These local shelters play a crucial role in providing temporary care and seeking out new homes for Bichon Frises.

Bichon Frise Facts

  • Historical Companion: The Bichon Frise has a regal past. Originating in the Mediterranean, they were favored by Spanish sailors, and later became a favorite in the French royal courts in the 16th century.
  • Artistic Muse: This breed has been a popular subject in art, particularly in Spanish and French paintings. Their charming appearance has captured the attention of many artists throughout history.
  • Circus Performers: Due to their intelligence and trainability, Bichon Frises were once popular circus dogs. Their ability to learn tricks quickly made them stars in the performing arena.
  • Hypoallergenic Qualities: While no dog is truly hypoallergenic, Bichon Frises are often recommended for people with allergies because of their curly coat that tends to hold in dander.
  • Pop Culture Presence: The Bichon Frise has made notable appearances in movies and television shows, enchanting audiences with their adorable and expressive faces.
  • A Breed for All Ages: Due to their gentle nature, Bichon Frises are suitable for families with children as well as for seniors looking for a companion.
  • Worldwide Popularity: While their popularity soared in Europe, the Bichon Frise is now beloved all around the world, especially in the United States.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What do Bichon Frises usually die from?

Bichon Frises typically have a long lifespan but are prone to certain health conditions that can be life-limiting. Common causes of death in older Bichon Frises include cancer, heart disease, and kidney problems. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can help in early detection and management of these conditions, potentially extending their lifespan.

Do Bichon Frises shed?

Bichon Frises are known for their low-shedding coat, making them a popular choice for individuals with allergies. Their curly, puffy coat traps loose hairs, minimizing the amount of hair they release into the environment. Regular grooming is essential to prevent matting and to maintain their distinctive fluffy appearance.

Are Bichon Frises hypoallergenic?

While no dog breed is entirely hypoallergenic, Bichon Frises are often recommended for allergy sufferers due to their low shedding. Their unique coat produces less dander, a common allergen found in dog fur. However, individual allergies vary, so spending time with a Bichon Frise before adopting is advisable.

How big do Bichon Frises get?

Bichon Frises are a small breed, with adults typically weighing 12 to 18 pounds and standing about 9.5 to 11.5 inches at the shoulder. Despite their small size, they have a sturdy and well-proportioned build. Their compact size makes them suitable for both apartment living and houses.

How long does a Bichon Frise live?

Bichon Frises generally have a long lifespan, often living between 14 to 15 years, with some reaching 17 years or more. Proper care, regular veterinary check-ups, and a healthy lifestyle significantly contribute to their longevity. Their cheerful and playful disposition often remains well into their senior years.

When is a Bichon Frise full grown?

A Bichon Frise typically reaches its full size by the age of 12 months, although they may continue to fill out and gain muscle until they are about 18 months old. Their emotional and mental maturity develops over time, often reaching full maturity around 2 years of age.

Are Bichon Frises smart?

Bichon Frises are known for their intelligence and eagerness to please, making them highly trainable. They excel in obedience training and can learn a variety of tricks and commands. Their smart and attentive nature also makes them great therapy and companion dogs.

Do Bichon Frises bark a lot?

Bichon Frises can be vocal, often barking to alert their owners of visitors or unusual noises. However, with proper training and socialization, excessive barking can be managed. They are not known for being unnecessarily noisy and can learn to be quiet with consistent training.

Are Bichon Frises easy to train?

Bichon Frises are generally easy to train due to their intelligence and desire to please their owners. They respond well to positive reinforcement and consistent training methods. Early socialization and obedience training are recommended to bring out the best in their temperament.

Are Bichon Frises good for first-time owners?

Bichon Frises are an excellent choice for first-time dog owners due to their manageable size, friendly temperament, and trainability. They are adaptable, get along well with families, and their grooming needs, while regular, are a good way for new owners to learn about responsible dog care.

Are Bichon Frises aggressive?

Bichon Frises are generally not aggressive and are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are friendly and sociable, making them great companions. Like any breed, individual temperament can vary, so early socialization and training are important to encourage good behavior.

Can a Bichon Frise be left alone all day?

Bichon Frises are social animals that thrive on human companionship and can struggle with being left alone for extended periods. They can develop separation anxiety, which may lead to destructive behavior. It’s not advisable to leave them alone all day; arranging for a dog walker or pet sitter can help if you have long workdays.

Are Bichon Frises good with cats?

Bichon Frises, with their friendly and playful nature, can get along well with cats, especially if they are raised together or properly introduced. Their gentle demeanor makes them less likely to chase or harass a cat. As with any introduction between pets, it should be done gradually and under supervision.

Are Bichon Frises good with other dogs?

Bichon Frises generally get along well with other dogs. Their sociable and playful nature makes them great companions for other friendly dogs. Proper socialization from a young age is key to helping Bichon Frises become comfortable and well-behaved around other dogs.


Picture of Dan Sayers

Dan Sayers

Dan Sayers is the Editor-in-Chief of SHOWSIGHT digital and print publications. He received a B.S. from Drexel University where he studied interior architectural design. His professional career has allowed him to develop his planning, problem-solving, and project management skills, which were employed in the office, educational, and financial sectors. While working as a project manager, he earned a Graphic Design Certificate from the University of the Arts and began creating ads for many of America’s top-winning show dogs. Through this work, Dan became Editor-in-Chief of the nation’s first online-only dog show publication. His current role expands on this experience and broadly extends to cover the sport of dogs in Companion and Performance events as well as all aspects of Conformation.

Dan is a long-time member of the Irish Water Spaniel Club of America and is the organization’s current AKC Delegate and Archivist/Historian, as well as a club-approved Breed Mentor. From 2000-2010, he was the club’s AKC Gazette Columnist. He breeds Irish Water Spaniels under the Quiet Storm prefix and has judged the IWSCA National Specialty Sweepstakes twice. Dan is a member of the Morris and Essex Kennel Club as well as the Dog Writers Association of America, which recognized his illustrations in the award-winning canine compendium, the Encyclopedia of K-9 Terminology.

Find a Breeder or Rescue

The best way to ensure a long and happy relationship with a purebred dog is to purchase one from a responsible breeder. Not sure where to begin?

Contact the National Parent Club’s Breeder Referral Program, which is listed on the AKC Breeder Referral Contacts page.

Find a Bichon Frise Puppy
Find a Breeder or Rescue