Entlebucher Mountain Dog Breed

About the Entlebucher Mountain Dog

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog, hailing from Switzerland, is renowned for a robust and compact stature that exudes strength and agility. This breed, a herder of cows and other livestock, possesses a spirited and energetic disposition that demonstrates a strong work ethic. The Entlebucher is characterized by its loyalty and a devotion to its human family. The breed’s versatility and adaptability have allowed it to transition from a working farm dog to an affectionate protector of the home. The Entlebucher’s intelligence and eagerness to please have made it a good candidate for participation in many dog sports today, but its high energy levels necessitates regular exercise and consistent engagement each and every day.

AKC Group

AKC Group


Dog Breed Height


16 – 21 Inches

Dog Breed Weight


40 – 65 Pounds

Dog Breed Lifespan


11 – 13 Years


Country of Origin Switzerland
Bred For Alpine Herding, Companionship
Known For Devotion, Intelligence, Tri-Colored Markings
Popularity Low
Temperament Confident, Lively, Self-Assured
Activities Herding, Guarding, Hiking, Conformation Shows, Dog Sports

History of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog, also known as the Entlebucher Sennenhund, traces its origins back to the Swiss Alps, specifically in the Entlebuch Valley, a region in the canton of Lucerne. The breed is the smallest of the four Swiss Mountain Dogs, which also include the Appenzeller Sennenhund, Bernese Mountain Dog, and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. Historically, the Entlebucher served as a herding dog, working alongside Swiss farmers to manage cattle, protect farmyards, and serve as a loyal companion.

The Entlebucher Mountain Dogs’s prowess in herding, and its robust build, made it an invaluable asset in the agricultural settings of Switzerland. The breed was well-known for its strength, agility, and endurance, qualities that were essential for maneuvering cattle across the challenging Swiss Alps. Its keen intelligence and trainability made the dogs easy to work with, and they quickly became favored for their work ethic and loyalty.

The early 20th century saw the formal recognition of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog as a distinct breed. The Swiss Kennel Club officially recognized the Entlebucher in 1913, setting the stage for its introduction to the broader world of purebred dog fanciers. Despite this recognition, however, the breed remained relatively obscure outside of Switzerland.

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog made its way to the United States in the 1970s, capturing the hearts of discerning American dog enthusiasts with its spirited personality and striking appearance. In the years that followed, the breed gained popularity, albeit gradually, among dog owners and breeders in the United States.

In 2011, the American Kennel Club (AKC) granted the Entlebucher Mountain Dog full recognition, placing it in the Herding Group. This marked a significant milestone for the breed, providing it with greater visibility and opportunities for participation in AKC-sponsored events and competitions.

Internationally, the Entlebucher Mountain Dog is also recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and The Royal Kennel Club (UK), further solidifying its status as a cherished purebred dog worldwide.

Today, the Entlebucher Mountain Dog’s legacy as a hardworking herder continues to be celebrated on working farms, and its friendly nature, intelligence, and loyalty have made it a wonderful addition in the right home where its many fine qualities can be appreciated.

General Appearance

Height & Weight

An adult male Entlebucher Mountain Dog typically stands at a height of 17.5 to 20.5 inches at the shoulder, while adult females are generally smaller, measuring 16.5 to 19.5 inches in height.

In terms of weight, males usually weigh between 50 and 65 pounds, with females weighing slightly less, ranging from 40 to 55 pounds.

Proportion & Substance

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog boasts a harmonious balance in proportion, displaying a slightly longer body compared to its height at the shoulders. The ideal length-to-height ratio is 10 to 8. The breed exudes considerable substance, with a well-muscled and sturdy physique, vital for its historical role as a herder and drover. The combination of a strong build and agile movement reflects the Entlebucher’s capacity to perform demanding physical tasks with strength and agility.

Coat Texture, Colors & Markings

Texture: The coat of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a dense double coat, crucial for the breed’s work in harsh weather conditions. The outer coat is short, harsh, and lies close to the body, providing protection and durability. Beneath this, the undercoat is thick, adding an essential layer of insulation.

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Colors

Standard Color
Black ee
Black White & Tan ee
Black White & Yellow ee

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Markings

Standard Marking
Yellow Markings ee
White Markings ee
Brown Markings ee

A Note About Color: The double coat of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog is an essential breed characteristic. The topcoat is close-fitting, harsh, and shiny, with clearly defined tri-color markings. The undercoat is dense and varies in color. A single coat is unacceptable for this alpine breed. The coat’s basic color is black, and the tan and white markings should be as symmetrical as possible. Tan markings may be fawn to mahogany in color and appear over the eyes, on the cheeks, muzzle, either side of the chest, under the tail, and on all four legs. White markings appear as a distinct white blaze from the top of the head over the bridge of the nose, from the chin to the chest, and all four feet. An inverted white cross on the chest is desirable as is a tip on the end of a natural tail.


  • Skull: The skull of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog is broad and flat, proportionally balanced with the rest of the body. It exudes strength without appearing overly heavy, contributing to the dog’s overall robust appearance. There is a slight tapering towards the muzzle
  • Expression: The expression is one of attentiveness and intelligence, reflecting the breed’s history as a working farm dog. The eyes sparkle with a lively energy, though their demeanor displays confidence and vigilance.
  • Eyes: The eyes are slightly small and dark brown. They are set well apart and have a roundish shape, contributing to the dog’s keen and alert expression. The rims of the eyes are black-pigmented.
  • Ears: The ears are medium-sized, set high, and triangular in shape. They are relatively wide and rounded at the tips. When the dog is alert, they’re carried forward, enhancing the dog’s attentive appearance.
  • Muzzle: The muzzle is strong and straight, tapering slightly towards the nose. It is well-chiseled and of a size that’s in proportion to the skull. The cheeks are slightly pronounced.
  • Nose: The nose is black and well-developed, complementing the dog’s strong muzzle and contributing to the breed’s useful sense of smell.
  • Bite: The Entlebucher Mountain Dog possesses a complete set of evenly spaced, strong white teeth mee