Irish Setter

Table of Contents

  1. Statistics Table
  2. About the Irish Setter
  3. General Appearance
  4. Owning an Irish Setter – What to Consider?
  5. Irish Setter Puppies
  6. Irish Setter Activities & Dog Sports
  7. History of the Irish Setter
  8. Irish Setter Clubs
  9. Irish Setter Rescue Groups
  10. Irish Setter Facts
  11. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Irish Setter
Group Classification AKC (American Kennel Club): Sporting
UKC (United Kennel Club): Gun Dog
CKC (Canadian Kennel Club): Sporting
ANKC (Australian National Kennel Council): Gun Dog
RKC (Royal Kennel Club): Gundog
FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale): Group 7: Pointing Dogs; Section 2: British and Irish Pointers and Setters
Bred for Working, Hunting
Known for Grace, Red Coat, Swiftness
Popularity High
Activities Running, Hunting, Fetch, Hiking, Bikejoring, Therapy Dog, Conformation Shows, Dog Sports
Measurements Height at Withers: Males 27 in.; Females 25 in.
Weight Range: Males 70 lbs.; Females 60 lbs.
Coat Type: Short and Fine on Head, Ears, and Legs; Moderate Length and Flat on the Body
Color: Chestnut, Mahogany, Red
Pattern: Specific White Markings
Grooming: Daily Brushing, Monthly Bathing, Periodic Nail Trimming, Regular Tooth Brushing
Temperament Active, Outgoing, Sweet-natured
Expectations Lifespan: 12-15 Years
Energy Level: High
Exercise Requirements: 2 Hours/Day (Minimum), Daily Walks, Regular Exercise, Vigorous Running, Playing with Another Dog, Mental Stimulation
Breed Standards AKC Irish Setter Breed Standard
UKC Irish Setter Breed Standard
CKC Irish Setter Breed Standard
ANKC Irish Setter Breed Standard
RKC Irish Setter Breed Standard
FCI Irish Setter Breed Standard
Similar Breeds English Setter,
Gordon Setter,
Irish Red and White Setter,

About the Irish Setter

The Irish Setter is a friendly, active, and sweet-natured dog recognized by its flashy red coat and gracefulness. The breed was originally created in Ireland for hunting as a bird dog and working on farms, although today it is not often seen in fields as are other breeds. Their hunting skills, however, are still strong. Irish Setters are slow to mature and will act puppylike for several years, which makes them great company for kids.

General Appearance

Height and Weight

In terms of height, male Irish Setters measure around 27 inches tall at the shoulder, and females measure around 25 inches tall. Males can weigh up to 70 pounds, while females generally weigh about 60 pounds.

Body Proportion and Substance

The Irish Setter displays a racy and athletic figure. The body should be proportionate, which means the dog’s shoulders should be fine at the points, deep, and sloping. The chest should be as deep as possible and relatively narrow in front. The ribs are nicely sprung, giving plenty of lung space. Loins are muscular and slightly arched. The hindquarters are broad and robust.

Coat Texture, Colors, and Markings

Texture: The coat of the Irish Setter is short and fine on the head and forelegs. On the other parts of the body, the coat is of moderate length, flat, straight, and wave-free. A pleasing fringe of hair (feathering) exists on the chest, brisket, belly, back of the forelegs and thighs, and on the tail.


  • Chestnut
  • Mahogany
  • Red


  • Small White Markings

Note: The Irish Setter can exhibit a small amount of white on the throat, chest, or toes. A narrow, centered streak of white on the head is also acceptable. Black hairs are not acceptable for the breed.


Skull: The Irish Setter’s skull is oval, with plenty of brain room. The occipital protuberance is well-defined, and the eyebrows are arched.

Expression: An Irish Setter has an appealing expression. The expression denotes the breed’s friendliness and inquisitive nature.

Eyes: The eyes of the Irish Setter are dark hazel or dark brown and should not to be too large. They are almond-shaped and placed rather wide apart, neither deep-set nor bulging.

Ears: The ears of an Irish Setter are moderate in size, fine in texture, set low and well back on the head. They hang in a clean fold near the head.

Muzzle: The Irish Setter’s muzzle is rather square and only slightly deep, at the end. It is long from the stop to the tip of the nose, and the lips should not be pendulous.

Nose: Dark mahogany, dark walnut, or almost black are the acceptable colors of the Irish Setter’s nose. The nostrils are open and wide in this exceptional bird dog.

Bite: An Irish Setter has a scissors bite, where the upper incisors overlap the lower incisors. A level bite, where the teeth meet edge to edge, is also acceptable but is less preferred.


The Irish Setter’s tail is one of the breed’s most beautiful and attractive features. Other than being just plain beautiful, the tail represents the most expressive part of this setter’s structure by showing the happy and outgoing nature of the breed. The tail should flow naturally as an extension of the sloping topline. The tail carriage is ideally close to being level with, or below, the back. In the field, the movement of the dog’s tail shows the dog’s current interest. When at full speed, the tail of an Irish Setter acts as a rudder and a flag. While on the set, the tail is rigid with intensity.

Owning an Irish Setter – What to Consider?

The Irish Setter easily catches the eye with its gorgeous color, athletic figure, and beautiful head and tail. However, this breed is not only beautiful, it is also very intelligent, friendly, and mischievous. These qualities make the breed a very likable choice for many people. Owning this breed, however, requires a lot of responsibilities since it is not suitable for every type of home environment.

Irish Setter Health

The Irish Setter is typically a healthy dog breed, known for its energetic disposition. However, like all breeds and mixed breeds, the Irish Setter can be susceptible to specific health conditions. Prospective owners should be aware of these potential issues and work closely with a trusted breeder and veterinarian to ensure their Irish Setter maintains optimal health throughout its life.

The average lifespan of an Irish Setter ranges between 12 to 15 years. With proper care, regular check-ups, and a balanced diet, many Irish Setters can enjoy a life filled with activity and affection well within, and sometimes beyond, this range.

Potential Health Risks

Although generally a healthy breed, some Irish Setters can be prone to certain health conditions, including:

Hip Dysplasia: This is a genetic disease in which the thighbone doesn’t fit firmly into the hip joint. Discomfort is not often shown in a dog with dysplasia, although some may express the pain on one or both rear legs. Although hip dysplasia can be inherited, it can also be brought on by certain environmental circumstances, such as rapid growth led on by a diet high in calories or wounds received by falling or leaping on slick surfaces.

Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD): This orthopedic disorder, which is marked by abnormal cartilage formation in the joints, typically affects the elbows but has also been observed in the shoulders. The dog’s elbow becomes painfully stiffened to the point of being unable to bend. As young as four to nine months old, dogs can already show signs of the condition. High-protein diets or overfeeding of “growth formula” puppy food may hasten its development.

Canine Leukocyte (CLAD): Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency is a hereditary disorder that inhibits the ability of white blood cells to combat infection. This disease, which affects the immune system, has been found in Irish Setters. Dogs with this condition will experience immunological difficulties as well as recurring infections. Breeders are presently attempting to eliminate Canine Leukocyte from their breeding lines, and a DNA test can be performed to demonstrate that a dog is clear of the gene. It is critical to ask a prospective breeder if their dogs have been CLAD tested.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): This is a degenerative eye disease that leads to blindness due to the loss of photoreceptors in the back of the eye. Years before the dog presents any signs of blindness, PRA can be detected. Fortunately, dogs can compensate for blindness by using their other senses, and a blind dog can live a full and happy life.

Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy (HOD): This condition, which may affect puppies between the ages of 4 and 8 months and is associated with dietary excesses in protein and calcium, results in lameness. Fever, loss of appetite, swelling joints, tiredness, and resistance to walking are other symptoms in addition to lameness. Sometimes it can even be fatal. Steroids, antibiotics, and painkillers are used to treat it.

Gastric Torsion (Bloat): This is a potentially fatal illness which can affect deep-chested dogs, particularly if they are fed one large meal per day, eat quickly, drink significant amounts of water quickly, or exercise furiously after eating. Bloat happens when the stomach becomes swollen with gas or air and twists. The dog is unable to belch or vomit to expel the excess air in his stomach, and blood supply to the heart is obstructed. The dog’s blood pressure drops and he goes into shock. The dog may die if medical assistance is not provided immediately. Dogs with bloat may also be nervous, depressed, lethargic, and weak, with a fast heart rate.

Panosteitis: This is a condition that typically affects the bones, particularly the leg bones, of juvenile large and giant breed dogs. Inflammation in the bone causes lameness in one or more legs. The condition often lasts one to six months, with the dog experiencing periods of pain and periods of good health. There is no cure, although it can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications and pain medicines.

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for early detection of these and other potential health issues. Along with general wellness exams, specific tests for the eyes, hips, elbows, and heart are recommended to ensure that your Irish Setter remains in the best possible health.

Irish Setter Personality

The Irish Setter displays a personality that is often described as rollicking, sweet-tempered, and affectionate. The breed is also known for its swiftness. With it being a high-energy breed, it is important to ensure every Irish Setter is provided with a safe environment, such as a large fenced yard.

Intelligence is one of the breed’s most appealing characteristics; however, it tends to be a really mischievous and independent breed, so the training requires a lot of patience and consistency. Like any other breed, the Irish Setter needs early socialization and exposure to different people, sounds, sights, and experiences while young.

An Irish Setter is a slow-maturing breed. Its puppylike enthusiasm will be displayed for several years, which makes the breed a perfect companion for active, older children. This breed can, however, be overwhelming for toddlers.

Overall, this breed is really friendly. It doesn’t matter if kids, adults, or even other dogs are in question, the Irish Setter will welcome one and all and initiate play. The breed can also be quite sensitive, so these dogs don’t really enjoy being alone for too long. They thrive on companionship and can become quite attached to their families. Although not being much of a guard dog, the breed is known for stepping in to protect its family if needed.

Irish Setter Feeding and Nutrition

The Irish Setter is known as a canine athlete, so these dogs need to be fed a high-quality, balanced diet full of protein to support the breed’s energy needs and overall health. Protein sources such as chicken, lamb, and beef are essential for the dog’s growth and development. They also supply the nutrients required to increase amino acid production, which is essential for the development and maintenance of healthy skin, tendons, muscles, hair, nails, and ligaments. Furthermore, without high-quality protein, a dog may be deficient in nutrients required for appropriate hormone production.

When it comes to feeding, it is important to measure portions according to the weight, age, and energy level of the dog. The recommended daily amount is 2 to 3 cups, divided into two meals, which helps to keep sugar levels stable while avoiding potential bloat.

Irish Setter puppies should be fed up to four times a day. Puppies usually require more food than adults do in order to grow up strong and healthy. During the first six months of their lives, some puppies may require up to three times the amount of food as an adult Irish Setter, just to maintain their energy and growth.

Meat, bone, offal, and a small amount of plant sources are all significant components of an Irish Setter’s diet, each providing highly useful vitamins and minerals. A raw meal contains 70% moisture/water on average, which helps to keep the Irish Setter hydrated.

Irish Setter Training

The Irish Setter is known for its friendly and outgoing disposition, which often translates into an eager-to-please attitude during training sessions. However, novice dog owners should be aware that this breed is also characterized by its high energy and a sometimes mischievous nature, which can occasionally make training a bit of a challenge.

Irish Setters are intelligent and can grasp commands quickly, but their playful and independent spirit sometimes comes into play, leading them to be easily distracted. Early socialization and consistent training from a young age are essential for the Irish Setter. Positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, tend to work best with this breed.

One potential challenge when training an Irish Setter is its tendency to bark. While these dogs aren’t excessive barkers, they can be vocal when bored or left alone for extended periods. It’s essential to address any excessive barking behavior early on and provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation as prevention measures.

Regarding their intelligence, Irish Setters are quick learners. However, their intelligence also means they can be a bit headstrong, so it’s crucial for owners of these dogs to establish themselves as “top dog” early on. This will help to make training more straightforward and ensure commands are easily understood and readily followed.

Wanderlust potential is something to be aware of with the Irish Setter. The breed is known to have a somewhat strong prey drive, owing to its hunting lineage. This means an Irish Setter might chase after small animals or wander off if it catches an enticing scent. A securely fenced yard and a reliable recall command are vital for this breed.

Irish Setter Exercise

The Irish Setter is a bird dog and, like any other breed of that kind, it needs a lot of exercise since it is a high-energy dog. The breed is known for its active and playful nature, so any kind of exercise is good for it as long as a large, fenced yard or safe outdoor space is provided.

The breed depends on getting a sufficient amount of exercise daily, and the recommended amount is 1 to 2 hours per day. Healthy adults aged 2 to 7 should be given closer to 2 hours of walking each day, although it’s best to split this time into two different sessions. If this is not possible, the Irish Setters will gladly enjoy one long, playful session.

Other than just going for a walk, the Irish Setter needs a lot of different activities and games to stay happy. With their friendly nature, these dogs enjoy being with their people and doing fun activities together. Playing fetch is one of many activities that will engage both dog and handler. And most Irish Setters are naturally attracted to water, so swimming sessions are a great way to burn energy, especially if the dog is recovering from injury.

Mental stimulation is also an important part of the Irish Setter’s daily exercise regimen. Without it, the breed can be prone to a few bad behaviors. Since they are known for their intelligence, puzzle toys are a great choice for Irish Setters. However, the most important tool of all is plenty of socialization.

Irish Setter Grooming

One of the traits that contributes to the Irish Setter’s reputation as one of the most beautiful breeds of dog in the world is its stunning coat. The burnished mahogany or rich chestnut red coat is short and fine on the head and forelegs, relatively long and straight on the remainder of the body, with long, silky feathering on specific parts of the body, most notably the tail.

Irish Setters should be brushed at least every other day to keep their coats shiny and tangle-free. Bathing is not essential more than a couple of times a year, as long as it’s regularly brushed. This breed will need bathing only if the dog rolls in something dirty and stinky.

Ear infections are not uncommon in breeds with pendant, or hanging, ears. Therefore, it is important to check the Irish Setter’s ears once a week and clean them with a cotton ball soaked with a veterinarian-recommended cleanser. Never insert cotton swabs or anything else into the ear canal as this may cause injury. If the inside of an Irish Setter’s ear smells unpleasant, seems red or sensitive, or the dog shakes his head or scratches at his ear regularly, the dog may have an ear infection.

The Irish Setter’s teeth should be brushed at least twice a week to remove plaque and bacteria. Brushing twice a day is even preferable to avoid gum disease and foul breath. If the dog doesn’t naturally wear down its nails, they should be trimmed once or twice a month. Nails are too long if they can be heard clicking on the floor. Short, carefully trimmed nails maintain the feet in good shape and guard against scratches on your legs when your Irish Setter rushes up to greet someone.

The Irish Setter can be one of the high-maintenance breeds when it comes to grooming, so patience is key. It’s important to always remember that grooming is not just about keeping the dog beautiful. It is also about monitoring the dog’s overall health and general well-being.

Living With an Irish Setter

Living with an Irish Setter is a really pleasant experience as long as the proper care is provided. With it being a playful, active, and friendly breed, it needs a lot of outer space to run around. These dogs don’t like being left alone, so it’s essential for them to live indoors with their owners. Living with an Irish Setter means having a happy companion around at all times.

Irish Setters are large dogs and, with their high energy, their need for exercise is a little larger than the needs of many other dogs. When at home, the breed should have a large fenced yard to run around in between walks around the neighborhood. Its playful and happy nature makes it perfect company for energetic kids, although it’s important to always keep in mind that Irish Setters can be too much for toddlers who can be unintentionally bowled over.

There is no living creature that the Irish Setter does not find a friendly companion. Little kids, strangers, other dogs, and even cats are all suitable playmates. This breed can get along with anyone, and with that in mind, it makes the perfect pet for many people around the world.

Overall, the Irish Setter is highly adaptable. With it having been bred for the inclement Irish weather, this breed can easily handle cold and rainy weather; however, it can adapt to warm weather equally well. Still, if you live somewhere warm, it’s crucial to provide the dog plenty of shade or access to swimming.

Irish Setter Puppies

Irish Setters puppies have wonderful personalities. They are curious and playful, and they have no problem approaching strangers and letting people hold them. However, they can be a little rambunctious towards children. When choosing a puppy, always consider the breeder’s experience with this all-important decision.

Caring for Puppies

Before bringing home an Irish Setter puppy, make sure to ensure a safe and nurturing environment. Since the breed is curious and playful from a young age, constant supervision is required to keep Irish Setter pups from harm. Providing them with toys will also help with their teething needs.

Puppies require different types of experiences than do adult dogs. Puppy kindergarten is a fantastic opportunity for puppies between the ages of 8 weeks and 4 months to obtain training, socialization, and exercise. They also enjoy 15 to 20 minutes of playtime in the yard each morning and evening. From 4 to 6 months of age, daily half-mile walks, weekly obedience training, and periods of free-play will all take care of their exercise needs.

For an Irish Setter puppy, crate training is necessary. This breed is extremely inquisitive and will inspect everything with its mouth. When no one is home to monitor the puppy, a crate will assist with keeping your puppy and your belongings safe and secure.

An Irish Setter puppy and its owner form a unique bond. It’s important to spend quality time fostering this bond, whether that is through engaging activities, instructive lessons, or tender cuddle time. This closeness not only promotes trust, it also deepens the bond of the human-canine relationship.

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial during the first year of life. Vaccinations, deworming, and basic health checks should be performed at this time to ensure the puppy is growing normally.

Important aspects of puppy care include basic training and socialization. Training puppies at an early stage will allow them to grow into well-behaved adults. Early and consistent socialization will also instill confidence and reduce the chances of fear or misbehavior later in life.

Irish Setter Activities & Dog Sports

Irish Setters are born to run, so their activities must contain a lot of it. Over the years, this breed has been involved in a variety of activities and dog sports, showcasing the breed’s diverse skill set.

Flyball: This is a fast-paced dog team relay that incorporates agility, obedience, and speed. To reach a Flyball box, each dog on the team must jump over three hurdles before jumping on a box designed to launch a tennis ball. The dog catches the ball in and sprints back over the same obstacles. When the dog has cleared the hurdles, the next dog takes a turn.

Tracking: Due to the Irish Setter’s keen sense of smell and desire to find prey, these dogs are frequently used as hunting dogs. Tracking offers unique exercises that make use of the breed’s natural instincts, providing challenges that are both mentally and physically demanding. By teaching a dog to track and follow scent trails, the breed’s sporting qualities are put into practice.

Distance Trail Running: This is one of the best activities for an Irish Setter. Given that this breed was created for constant movement, it can benefit most from this long distance activity. They’ll gladly jog along miles of trails as adults. In fact, as they follow odors off the beaten path and check back in with their jogging buddy, they might even double the distance.

Dock Diving: Dock Diving is a sport in which dogs compete by jumping into water from a raised platform known as a dock. Dogs can be scored based on distance (the distance between the dock and where they land in the water), speed (how quickly they recover a toy at the pool’s end), or height (how high they can jump to fetch a toy dangling above the water).

Agility: In Agility competitions, dogs navigate through a timed obstacle course. The sporting nature of the Irish Setter, combined with its enthusiasm and trainability, makes it a popular breed in these competitions.

History of the Irish Setter

The Irish Setter was bred to locate birds by using its keen sense of smell. The name “setter” represents the action this breed takes when it finds the bird; it “sets” down on its belly. Prior to the development of firearms, setters collaborated with trained falcons and net-based hunters. Today’s setters operate as gundogs alongside hunters who carry a rifle.

This breed was likely developed in the 1800s by Irishmen looking to develop a sleek and rangy bird dog that could move swiftly and cover a large area of land. Irish Setters are probably the result of combining English Setters, Gordon Setters, spaniels, and pointers.

The original Irish Setters were occasionally referred to as red spaniels, or modder rhu, which is Gaelic for “red dog.” Instead of the solid dark red seen in the breed today, they were frequently red and white. Some of the so-called “shower of hail” canines had red coats with little white dots all over them.

In the field, the Irish Setter developed a reputation as an energetic but successful worker. And since the sport’s inception in the 1870s, the breed has also enjoyed great success in the show ring due to its alluring appearance and graceful movement.

The most well-known Irish Setter of all time, however, was a fictional creation—Big Red, the protagonist of Jim Kjelgaard’s 1945 book of the same name. King Timahoe, the Irish Setter owned by President Richard Nixon, was named after a little hamlet in Ireland, the country of the president’s ancestry.

Irish Setter Clubs

Irish Setter clubs are essential for maintaining the breed’s written Standards, encouraging ethical breeding practices, and creating a supportive environment for both breeders and devotees. These clubs frequently act as focal points for activities, activism, and education related to the Irish Setter breed.

The Irish Setter Club of America operates under the broader umbrella of the American Kennel Club. It promotes responsible breeding, the exhibition of Irish Setters in Conformation Shows and Field Trials, as well as in various dog sports. The club offers resources, organizes events, and supports Irish Setter-related health research.

In the United Kingdom, the Irish Setters Breeders Club offers everything a breed club should, such as promoting the Breed Standard, offering useful resources to exhibitors and field enthusiasts, and promoting responsible breeding standards. The club was founded in 1938 and is said to have the largest membership of any UK breed club.

The Irish Setter Club of Canada works under the wing of the Canadian Kennel Club. It is dedicated to the betterment of the breed through education, breed health, and ethical breeding practices.

Irish Setter enthusiasts have access to a variety of information and the opportunity to interact with people who share their passion for this famous breed by joining or participating in these clubs.

Irish Setter Rescue Groups

Irish Setters are among the most adored and friendly dog breeds in the world, but they are not immune to the difficulties that many dogs can come across, such as abandonment or abuse. Thankfully, a number of devoted Irish Setter rescue groups put in endless hours to make sure every dog in need is placed in a caring home.

Irish Setter Club of America Rescue, in fact, is a volunteer group of ISCA members who work hard to ensure a new home for abandoned or neglected Irish Setters. In addition, the organization’s aim is to educate people about the qualities and usefulness of the breed.

Irish Setter Club of Canada Rescue is the national breed organization that is affiliated with the Canadian Kennel Club. Through the years, the group has been successful in placing many Irish Setters in new homes, highlighting the significance of finding just the right dog-owner match.

The Independent Irish Setter Rescue & Rehome group operates in the United Kingdom. It is a small organization formed by Irish Setters enthusiasts who offer shelter to Irish Setters whose owners are no longer capable of taking care of them.

Irish Setter Facts

Mascot: In Ireland, there is a company, Bus Eireann, that uses an Irish Setter as its mascot. The company has indicated the breed represents the friendly, reliable, and fast way in which they serve their customers.

Champion: One of the first Irish Setters to arrive in the country was “Elcho.” A champion show dog, he sired numerous litters of puppies and is credited with helping to establish the breed in the United States.

Presidential Companion: Richard Nixon’s pet was called King of Timahoe. His staff gave the dog to the president as a present in 1969. King Timahoe was a well-liked dog at the White House, and Nixon frequently took him for walks around the White House lawn.

Tobacco: An Irish Setter named “Garryowen” was so popular that he had his own tobacco brand and was referenced in the book “Ulysses.” When he died, he received a Chicago Tribune obituary.

Maturing: The Irish Setter is one of many dog breeds that has a tendency for a prolonged puppyhood. Although puppies mature at varying speeds, the physical growth of this breed typically outpaces its behavioral development. Consequently, as they get older, the vigor and disposition of puppyhood are retained somewhat longer.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Is an Irish Setter a good family dog?

Yes, the Irish Setter is considered a good family dog due to its friendly and sweet nature. The breed is good with children, gentle and patient, and it can make a great playmate for children of all ages.

Is the Irish Setter a good watchdog?

Irish Setters are affectionate and love their family with all they have. Due to this affection, and owing to their alert nature and keen sense of smell, they can also make excellent watchdogs.

Can an Irish Setter be left alone all day?

The Irish Setters are social and friendly dogs. Therefore, they don’t like being left alone for too long since they can develop separation anxiety or become destructive. With this in mind, it is better not to leave them alone all day.

Does the Irish Setter bark a lot?

No, Irish Setters don’t typically bark often. However, they will alert if something is happening, though constant barking is not usually an issue with this breed.

Does the Irish Setter howl?

Even though they don’t bark a lot, Irish Setter can nevertheless be pretty vocal. They sometimes like to “talk” to people as a way of expressing their feelings and desires.

Does the Irish Setter shed?

Irish Setters mostly shed during the spring and autumn. During the rest of the year, however, shedding is usually moderate and can be managed with regular brushing.

Are Irish Setters high or low maintenance?

Irish Setters are considered moderate to high maintenance. Their need for grooming is relatively low, but their desire for exercise and attention may be more than some homes are able (or willing) to provide.

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